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WW2 German Nazi WWII GERMAN WAR MERIT MEDAL award Wehrmacht - Waffen SS

WW2 German Nazi WWII GERMAN WAR MERIT MEDAL award Wehrmacht - Waffen SS

WW2 German Nazi WWII GERMAN WAR MERIT MEDAL award Wehrmacht - Waffen SS

$75.00

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WW2 German Nazi WWII GERMAN WAR MERIT MEDAL award Wehrmacht - Waffen SS

Instituted on August 19, 1940, the War Merit Medal was issued only to civilians. Made of bronze, it was awarded for contributions to the war effort, usually to those in the munitions industry. Although it is dated 1939, it was not instituted until the following year.

Organization TODT WW2 German Nazi 2 documents ID with photos & stamps

WW2 German Nazi 2 documents ID with photos & stamps from Organization todt

Organization TODT WW2 German Nazi 2 documents ID with photos & stamps

$129.00

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WW2 German Nazi 2 documents ID with photos & stamps from Organization todt
RARE UNIQUE !

Organisation Todt (OT; [ʔɔʁɡanizaˈtsi̯oːn toːt]) was a civil and military engineering organisation in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945, named for its founder, Fritz Todt, an engineer and senior member of the Nazi Party. The organisation was responsible for a huge range of engineering projects both in Nazi Germany and in occupied territories from France to the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The organisation became notorious for using forced labour. From 1943 until 1945 during the late phase of the Third Reich, OT administered all constructions of concentration camps to supply forced labour to industry.

The history of the organisation can be divided into three phases. From 1933 to 1938, before the organisation existed, Fritz Todt's primary post was that of the General Inspector of German Roadways (Generalinspektor für das deutsche Straßenwesen) and his primary responsibility, the construction of the Autobahn network. He was able to draw on "conscripted" (i.e., compulsory) labour, from within Germany, through the Reich Labour Service (Reichsarbeitsdienst, RAD).

The second period lasted from 1938, when the Organisation Todt group proper was created, until February 1942, when Todt died in an aeroplane crash. After the invasion of Poland, Todt was named the Minister for Armaments and Munitions in 1940 (Reichsminister für Bewaffnung und Munition), and the projects of the OT became almost exclusively military. The huge increase in the demand for labour created by the various military and paramilitary projects was satisfied by a series of expansions of the laws concerning compulsory service, which ultimately obligated all Germans to arbitrarily determined (i.e., effectively unlimited) compulsory labour for the state: Zwangsarbeit.[1] From 1938 to 1940, more than 1.75 million Germans were conscripted into labour service. From 1940 to 1942, Organisation Todt began its reliance on Gastarbeitnehmer ('guest workers'), Militärinternierte ('military internees'), Zivilarbeiter ('civilian workers'), Ostarbeiter ('Eastern workers'), and Hilfswillige ('volunteer') POW workers.

The third period lasted from 1942 until the end of the war in 1945, when Albert Speer succeeded Todt in office and the OT was absorbed into the renamed and expanded Reich Ministry of Armaments and War Production. Approximately 1.4 million labourers were in the service of the organisation. One per cent were Germans rejected from military service and 1.5% were concentration camp prisoners; the rest were prisoners of war and forced labourers from occupied countries. All were effectively treated as slaves and existed in the complete and arbitrary service of the totalitarian state. Many did not survive the work or the war.

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